Kamis, 26 Mei 2011

ABOUT EXCEED

EXCEED
Eliminate Exploitive Child Labor through Education and Economic Development

Executive Summary

Save the Children Federation, Inc. (SC) has received a new four-year program, entitled EXCEED: Eliminate Exploitive Child Labor through Education and Economic Development, to the United States Department of Labor (USDOL) with the goal of reducing the number of children engaged in exploitive child labor (ECL), including the worst forms of child labor (WFCL), particularly in the following areas: commercial sex work, domestic service, plantation (specifically palm oil) work, and girl street children, in West Java, Central Java/Yogyakarta, East Java, Lampung, and West Kalimantan. Through this program, SC will prevent children from entering, and will withdraw children from, ECL in the targeted sectors and geographic areas and ensure they are provided with educational services.

  1. Background        
·         Children under age 18 comprise 30 percent of all sex workers in Indonesia and the total (as of 2001) perhaps is more than 200,0001 (ILO/IPEC Project Brochure, statistics drawn from studies by the Office of Women’s Empowerment).

  • Studies from 2003 revealed that approximately 700,000 children under the age of 18 (90% of whom are girls) are engaged in (and in some cases have been trafficked for) domestic work (ILO/ International Program on the Elimination of the Worst forms of Child Labor: Time-Bound Program (IPEC) Project Brochure).
  • One study estimated there to be 46,800 street children across 21 provinces and other surveys have demonstrated an increase in girl street children (a ratio of 1:2 girls to boys in 2008 compared to 1:5 estimates in 1999) (Ministry of Social Affairs report, 2005).
  • More than 1.5 million children (10 - 17) are engaged in agriculture (ILO/IPEC Participatory Action Research report, 2005).

2. The Goal & Objectives
- The goal of the proposed program is to reduce the number of children engaged in exploitive child labor (ECL) in Indonesia .

- Objective 1: Provide direct services for withdrawing and preventing children from ECL
- Objective 2: Strengthen existing institutions and policy frameworks working to combat ECL
- Objective 3: Raise awareness of the importance of education and negative effects of ECL
- Objective 4: Support research on ECL
- Objective 5: Build local capacity and promote sustainability

3. Target Group
3.a. Target Beneficiary Groups
The direct beneficiaries of this program are children at high risk of being involved in the Worse Form of Child labor or those who have been worked in exploitative labor. EXCEED will focus on:
  • child sex workers (CSWs),
  • child domestic workers (CDWs),
  • girl street children (those working in the streets) (GSCs), and
  • children in plantation work (CIPs)
Note:
“At-risk” or prevented children: all children of the targeted age in the area of influence of the educational initiative. All grantees are working in areas of high incidence of certain types of child labor. Thus, all children in these areas are at risk.

“Operational Definitions for Common Indicators and Associated Terms for Grantees of the US Department of Labor International Child Labor Program Education Initiative, Ju├írez and Associates, Inc., October 2004”


3.b. Target Geographic Areas:
In determining the target geographic areas for this proposal, the following six indicators were used: (1) high prevalence of CSW, CDW, GSC and/or CIP; (2) receptive district/ municipal government; (3) current presence of Save the Children Federation, Inc. (SC) (4) presence of relevant local nongovernmental organization (NGO) partners; and (5) proposed activities will be complementary to other donor interventions, such as the ILO-IPEC Time Bound Programme (TBP) and initiatives funded by USAID.


3c. Table Direct Beneficiaries per Areas
Action
Prevention
Withdrawal
Location\Sector
CSW
CDW
GSC
CIP
CSW
CDW
GSC
CIP
West Java
Bandung
300
300
200

250
350
500

Central Java
Semarang


200



200

Yogya


100



150

East Java
Surabaya
250

350
200

150
350
350

South Sumatra
Lampung




250



West Kalimantan
Pontianak

250


150
200


Singkawang
250




100



Sambas



1200



1500
Sanggau



1200



1500


4. Narative of Approach

Through this program, SC will prevent children from entering or withdraw children from ECL in the targeted sectors and geographic areas and ensure they are provided with educational services.
The project is comprised of four core components to meet its objective: Direct Services, Policy and Institutional Strengthening, Awareness Raising, and Research, as well as a cross-cutting initiative to ensure Local Capacity Building and Sustainability. First and foremost, the project will provide direct services to 1) prevent vulnerable children from engaging in ECL; 2) withdraw children currently involved in ECL; and 3) facilitate systems and programs to enable enrolment and retention of children from these groups in education programs. The project will also endeavour to strengthen existing institutions and policy frameworks which will support the project’s goal and objective. In this respect, SC will strengthen key institutions to implement existing legislation combating ECL and WFCL through development of relevant Action Plans, establishing linkages and networks amongst service providers and stakeholders, monitoring and sharing best practices for replication and scale-up. An awareness campaign will focus on the importance of education and dangers associated with exploitive child labor. SC will develop new, or modify existing materials for dissemination to key stakeholders and general audiences and will build capacity of local agencies to share key messages with a focus on changing knowledge, attitudes, and practices of community members. In order to support a comprehensive foundation of information, the project will also include a research component which serve to review and analyze data from the upcoming National Child Labor Survey, to undertake a comprehensive baseline assessment to collect information currently unavailable that will help confirm/inform project strategies, and complete two in-depth sector analyses (on palm oil plantation work and commercial sex work) which may also inform programming but furthermore can be shared with relevant stakeholders endeavouring to work in these areas. Finally the project will seek to ensure local capacity building and sustainability, in part through efforts of above components. The project will specifically seek to establish partnerships with the private sector and government agencies to support local funding of project initiatives which may continue beyond the life of donor support.
This program will build upon the successes of the recently completed ENABLE program (and other relevant projects in Indonesia) and add new innovative programming specifically designed for its intended beneficiaries. By employing several senior staff members from the ENABLE program, institutional knowledge and skills will continue in the technical leadership and management in the implementation of this program. The Association will also utilize its existing networks of NGO partners whose capacities have been built during previous programming and which may serve as sustainable service providers after this program is completed.

5. Partner
Local partners (NGOs/FBOs) will implement prevention, rehabilitation and reintegration as well as non-formal education programs in target geographic areas. SC will primarily sub-contract to partner NGOs who have a demonstrated track record of implementing successful projects, and award contracts through a competitive bidding process. Selected NGO/FBO partners will ensure coordination and involvement of all relevant stakeholders

SC’s Partners for implementation EXCEED program :

Name
Area
Target Issue
BAHTERA
Bandung
GSC
IABRI
Bandung
GSC
KAP
Bandung
CSEC
YMS
Bandung
CSEC
LAHA
Bandung
CDW
Konsorsium Rifka Annisa
Yogyakarta
GSC
3C
Lampung
CSEC
LADA
Lampung
CSEC
Aisyiyah
Pontianak
CDW
YNDN
Pontianak
CSEC
Yayasan Pelita Kasih
Pontianak
CIP
Gapemasda
Sambas
CIP
Yayasan Abdi Asih
Surabaya
CSEC
Hotline Surabaya
Surabaya
CSEC
KPPD
Surabaya
CDW
Alang@lang
Surabaya
GSC
Citra Hanura
Sanggau
CIP
APIK
Lampung
GSC


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